Root Report: Repairing to Regenerate: Northeast Farmers of Color Land Trust
Farming and agriculture were once a major source of wealth for Black American families. In 1910, up to 80% of the Black middle- and upper-class families owned farms. But by the turn of the 21st century, 90 percent of that land was lost. According to 2017 USDA data, there are 3.4 million farmers in the U.S. and only 1.3% identify as Black, 2.3% as Native American or Alaskan Native, and less than 1% as Asian American.