just the text

Just the facts


Hunger in the U.S. and around the world is caused by various complex social and economic factors of which much ink has been spilled. We realize that one web page can hardly do justice to all the facts and thoughts on this matter. Our main goal with this page is to provide a brief overview of up to date hunger facts in an attempt to educate the public about the realities and the root causes of hunger and poverty.

We know that the world can produce enough food to feed every person on earth1 . So why is there still hunger and what can we do about it? The root causes of hunger are due to the systems, policies and institutions that benefit multinational corporations and wealthy nations, while leaving millions of people without access to food, land, water and sustainable livelihoods.
Our global food system is structured to value profits over people and planet.

In other words, hunger is caused by poverty and injustice.

hunger in the us


  • There are 821 million hungry people in the world—one in every nine people1.*
  • An estimated sixty percent of the world’s hungry are women or girls2.
  • Every year, 3.1 million children under five die due to malnutrition.3


* This is the number reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Critics claim that the FAO data neglects larger issues of poverty, inequality and rising food prices. It is almost certain that the number of people facing hunger worldwide is even higher.


  • 40 million Americans are food insecure,* meaning they are often forced to skip meals, eat less at meals, buy cheap non-nutritious food and/or feed their children but not themselves.4
  • Over 12 million children in the US are food insecure.5
  • There are 15 million U.S. households suffering from food insecurity – 11.8 percent of all U.S households.6
  • 5.8 million U.S. households suffer from severe food insecurity, which means the people who live in them are often hungry.7
  • 2.9 million households with children are food insecure at some time each year.8
  • 40.6 million Americans currently rely on SNAP (Supplemental Assistance Program, formerly food stamps) to meet their food needs.9
  • 92% of SNAP households have incomes below the poverty line. Additionally, 82% of all SNAP benefits go to the most vulnerable households – those with children, elderly or disabled people.10
  • Among SNAP households with children, more than half of adults work while receiving SNAP, and almost 90 percent are employed the prior or subsequent year. SNAP helps Americans return to work, and increasingly, it helps those who already work, but do not receive a sufficient wage to feed themselves or their families.11
  • Many families suffering from hunger and poverty live in areas where fresh, unprocessed, healthy food is not available or is expensive, while the food they do have access to is nutritionally deficient.12

* The USDA defines ‘food insecurity’ as “the limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods.” Characteristics of households with food insecurity include skipping or reducing the size of meals, not being able to afford a balanced meal, going whole days without eating, and going without food despite feeling hungry. Households with very low food security are characterized as having food intake reduced and eating patterns disrupted, because the household lacks money and other resources for food. For these households, 96 percent report skipping and reducing meals because of not having enough money for food.


Poverty, a root cause of hunger, is also often indicated by marginal income
and limited access to healthcare, education, clothing and shelter.


  • There are 39.7 million people living in poverty in the US, including 12.8 million children.13 That’s 1 in 6 American children.
  • 2018 federal guidelines set the poverty rate at $25,100 for a family of four, but depending on a family’s specific city and state of residence, the actual minimum amount required to raise a family could be two or three times that.15
  • The vast majority of people who grow, pick and process our food live in poverty and cannot afford to buy adequate healthy food. 86% of jobs in the food system offer very low wages at the poverty level and below the poverty level.16


  • Worldwide, 736 million people, or 10% of the world’s population, live on the equivalent of less than $1.90 per day.17

For more information on WHyHunger's vision for a world free from hunger, visit Our Work.

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