just the text

Just the facts

Hunger, Poverty and COVID-19 in the U.S. and Globally

Hunger in the U.S. and around the world is caused by various complex social and economic factors and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic add yet another layer of depth to the issue. We realize that one web page can hardly do justice to all the facts and thoughts on this matter. Our main goal with this page is to provide a brief overview of up-to-date hunger facts in an attempt to educate the public about the root causes of hunger and poverty, its realities across the globe and the impact of COVID-19.

Looking at the communities that have been hit hardest by both the coronavirus and hunger, it’s important to recognize that food insecurity does not affect everyone the same way. BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, People of Color) communities, women and children have faced the consequences of the pandemic and of food insecurity at higher rates than other communities.

Given our technological capacity, we know that we can produce enough food to feed every person on earth1. So why is there still hunger and what can we do about it? The root causes of hunger are due to the systems, policies and institutions that benefit multinational corporations and wealthy nations, while leaving millions of people without access to food, land, water and sustainable livelihoods. Our global food system is structured to value profits over people and the planet.

In other words, hunger is caused by poverty and injustice. Learn more about how WhyHunger and our allies across the globe are working to transform these systems, end hunger and ensure everyone’s right to nutritious food.

hunger in the us


  • Pre-pandemic, an estimated 2 billion people around the world were struggling to put food on their tables. The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that up to 132 million more people will struggle to feed themselves and their families in 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic2.
  • COVID-19 has pushed 1 billion children around the world out of school, depriving them of access to nutritious food3.
  • 135 million people in 55 countries with pre-existing food insecurity issues are left even more vulnerable to the consequences of COVID-19. This means that they are battling the threats of both hunger and the virus simultaneously4.


  • Pre-pandemic, more than 35 million Americans struggled with hunger. Due to the pandemic, that number has skyrocketed with more than 50 million Americans, or 1 in 6, projected to face hunger in 20205.
  • Pre-pandemic, more than 10 million American children struggled with hunger. Due to the pandemic, more than 17 million children, or nearly 1 in 4, were projected to face hunger in 20206.
  • Hunger doesn’t affect everyone equally; the food insecurity rates are higher than the national average (about 10.5%) for some groups - which is why we need to look at the root causes of hunger when working on solutions:
    • 19% of households headed by Black, non-Hispanic people experience hunger and 15.6% of households headed by Hispanic people experience hunger; compared to just 7.9% of White, non-Hispanic households
    • 13.6% of all households with children experience hunger. That jumps to nearly 28.7% of households with children that are headed by a single woman7.
  • 1 in 3 people who are food insecure are unlikely to qualify for most federal nutrition programs8.
  • 40% of those visiting emergency food suppliers during COVID-19 had never sought food assistance before9.
  • The vast majority of people who grow, pick and process our food live in poverty and cannot afford to buy adequate healthy food. 86% of jobs in the food system offer very low wages at the poverty level and below the poverty level10.
  • From March 2020 to April 2020 alone, the amount of people using SNAP benefits grew by 15.8%. Nearly 43 million people were force to rely on SNAP in April 202011.
  • Indigenous communities continue experiencing food insecurity and other issues at heightened levels due to the COVID-19 pandemic. More than 60% of counties with majority Native populations were very food insecure in 2019, and this year, the Navajo Nation suffered a 3.4% COVID-19 infection rate. That’s twice that of New York City12.


Poverty, a root cause of hunger, is also often indicated by marginal income and limited access to healthcare, education, clothing and shelter.

In the U.S.:

  • Before the pandemic, 39.4 million people were living in poverty in the U.S. More than 12% of the population13.
  • 2020 federal guidelines set the poverty rate at $26,200 for a family of four14.


  • The economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic could push half a billion more people into poverty 15.
  • As of 2018, close to 8% of workers around the world lived on less than $1.90/day16.
  • Over the last 10 years, before the global health crisis was in the picture, the relatively consistent poverty reduction we’ve seen every year since the 1990’s began to slow. COVID-19 is not the only factor sending more and more people below the poverty line – armed conflict and climate change are also major threats17.

For more information on WhyHunger's vision for a world free from hunger, visit Our Work.